PHD in Philosophy, Associate ProfessorTaras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv
VISUAL LITERACY IN THE CONTEXT OF COGNITIVE AND EDUCATIONAL PROCESSES
Background. The conceptual foundations and the substantive basis of the visual culture of cognition in modern epistemology, which, in the conditions of the development of the information society, generates new cognitive practices and forms new ways of understanding and thinking, are identified.
Analysis of recent research and publications shows that the visual paradigm of development of the surrounding world reveals the priority of research in modern philosophy, education, culture science and science. The content of the visual paradigm sets the task of finding out its influence on the formation of a modern educational process.
Thus, the aim of the paper is to substantiate the epistemological foundations of the culture of visual cognition and thinking and, based on them, to determine the basic principles of visual literacy.
Materials and methods. Methodological reflections of phenomenology, philosophy of science, synergetics, education, and visual studies were involved in achieving this goal.
The results of the study showed that intellectual activity is inseparable from physicality, which causes the possibility of perceptual perception of the world, primarily through sight and vision. In the modern education, standards of visual literacy are dynamically developed, that requires forming visual competences, which implies the ability to understand, interpret and asses visual information. In the modern education and philosophy science standards of visual literacy have been developed, they are visual competences, visual wisdom, and visual communication. In combination with verbal reasoning, visual literacy opens up the possibilities for the formation and development of new landmarks of life and valuable meanings.
Conclusion. It is established that in the modern society of mass production and consumption of visual images, education and training in the situation of cognition of the dynamics of information and computer technologies form the visual literacy. In interaction with visual thinking, visual literacy forms a new system of cognitive capabilities of the individual, which are actively used in the processes of modern education, learning and creative activity.
Keywords: visual, thinking, cognition, cognitive, visual literacy, studying, information.
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