Згідно з Наказом Міністерства освіти і науки України від 28.12.2019 № 1643
журнал внесено до Переліку наукових фахових видань України 
(категорії “Б”з економічних наук

Проводимо набір статей до публікації у науковому фаховому журналі "Вісник КНТЕУ" з економічних та філософських наук

HOTEL BUSINESS IN THE SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE OF THE COUNTRY

Автор: Sveta on .

 FREE FULL TEXT (PDF)
DOI:  http://doi.org/10.31617/visnik.knute.2019(125)07

UDC 640.4: 330.342.146
 

VLASENKO Ivan,
Doctor of Economics, Professor at the Department of Tourism, Hotel and Restaurant Business,
Vinnytsia Trade and Economic Institute of KNUTE,
Soborna str., 87, Vinnytsia, 21050, Ukraine
 
E-mail: Ця електронна адреса захищена від спам-ботів. вам потрібно увімкнути JavaScript, щоб побачити її.
ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3909-1179
 

HOTEL BUSINESS IN THE SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE OF THE COUNTRY

Background. One of the components of the successful development of tourism is the modern hotel economy. A study of the state of the existing hotel industry is necessary to under­stand its prospects and ways of further development.
The analysis of recent researchesand publications has shown that despite the availa­bility of separate scientific developments, the issue of a clear formulation of the main problems of the promising development of the hotel industry is insufficiently highlighted, which is extre­mely important for their successful resolution. Characteristics of the current state of the hotel industry in the country, the problems of the hospitality industry require a separate study.
The aim is to analyze the current state of the hotel industry in Ukraine, to consider the problems that exist in this area and to outline ways of their solution in order to effec­tively develop the industry.
Materials and methods. In the process of research, the methods of comparison and generalization of statistical data, abstract-logical, and graphic were used.
Results. The analysis of the tourist flows of foreign and domestic tourists in Ukraine, the dynamics of the number of hotels and similar facilities, as well as the number of people staying in hospitality establishments are considered. The tendency to reduce the number of places in hospitality establishments in Ukraine as a whole is determined. At the present stage, the hotel business in Ukraine has a number of obstacles to its successful development, such as a high level of tax burden, an outdated material and technical base, the discrepancy of the domestic hotel fund with the requirements of international European standards, the lack of qualifications of specialists working in this area. Solving these issues will contribute to the successful deve­lopment of the industry and the state as a whole.
Conclusion. It is proved that every year the interest of foreign tourists to Ukraine increases, the number of both foreign and domestic tourists and the number of people staying in the hotels of the hotel industry increases. At the same time, there is a decrease in the number of hotels and similar facilities.
Some problems on the way of successful development of hotel business in Ukraine are analyzed. To resolve them, it is necessary to restore the historical and cultural heritage of many Ukrainian cities, to rebuild and re-equip existing hotels and sanatoria and health institutions, and to develop eco-hotels.An important role will be played by the introduction of tax privileges in the hotel industry and the differentiation of tax payments to the budget by various means of placement. The introduction of obligatory categorization of hotels based on the Hotelstars Union system will contribute to improving the quality of hotel services.

Keywords: tourism, hotel industry, collective accommodation facilities, hotels, specialized accommodation establishments.
 

REFERENCES

  1. Mazur, V. S. (2015). Industrija gostynnosti – efektyvnyj instrument rozvytku turystych­nogo biznesu [The hospitality industry is an effective tool for the development of tourism business].Zhurnal jevropejs’koi’ ekonomiky – Journal of the European Economy.Ternopil’s’kyj nacional’nyj ekonomichnyj universytet. (Vol.14), 3,(pp. 273-286) [in Ukrainian].
  2. Ugoda pro asociaciju mizh Ukrai’noju, z odnijei’ storony, ta Jevropejs’kym Sojuzom, Jevropejs’kym spivtovarystvom z atomnoi’ energii’ i i’hnimy derzhavamy-chlenamy, z inshoi’ storony [Association Agreement between Ukraine, on the one hand, and the European Union, the European Atomic Energy Community and their Member States, on the other hand]. Jedynyj veb-portal organiv vykonavchoi’ vlady Ukrai’ny – The only web-portal of executive bodies of Ukraine.zakon.rada.gov.ua. Retrieved from https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/984_011. Назва з екрана [in Ukrainian].
  3. Oficijnyj sajt Vsesvitn’oi’ turystychnoi’ organizacii’ [The official website of the World Tourism Organization]. www2.unwto.org. Retrieved from http://www2.unwto.org/en. Nazva z ekrana [in Ukrainian].
  4. Bosovs’ka, M. V., Vedmid’, N. I., & Ohrimenko, A. G. (2019). Konkurentospro­mozhnist’ nacional’noi’ turystychnoi’ systemy Ukrai’ny [Competitiveness of the natio­nal tourism system of Ukraine]. Naukovyj visnyk Hersons’kogo derzhavnogo univer­sytetu – Scientific Herald of Kherson State University,33, 154-161.Serija Ekonomi­chni nauky [in Ukrainian].
  5. Mazur, V. S. (2015). Industrija gostynnosti – efektyvnyj instrument rozvytku turystych­nogo biznesu [The hospitality industry is an effective tool for the development of tourismbusiness].Zhurnal jevropejs’koi’ ekonomiky – Journal of the European Economy.Ternopil’s’kyj nacional’nyj ekonomichnyj universytet. (Vol.14 (3), (pp. С. 273-286) [in Ukrainian].
  6. Mel’nychenko, S., & Kudlaj, T. (2017). Nacional’ni gotel’ni merezhi na mizhnarod­nomu rynku [National hotel chains in the international market]. Zovnishnja torgivlja: ekonomika, finansy, pravo –Foreign Trade: Economics, Finance, Law, 2, 19-30 [in Ukrainian].
  7. Balac’ka, N. Ju., & Reprynceva, V. M. (2016). Osoblyvosti ta perspektyvy rozvytku gotel’nogo biznesu v Ukrai’ni [Features and prospects of hotel business development in Ukraine].Molodyj vchenyj  – Young scientist1 (28). Part 1, January,12-15 [in Ukrainian].
  8. Davydova, O. A. (2017). Suchasnyj stan ta perspektyvy rozvytku gotel’nogo gospo­darstva Ukrai’ny [Current state and prospects of hotel industry development in Ukraine].Visnyk Hmel’nyc’kogo nacional’nogo universytetu – Bulletin of the Khmelnytsky Natio­nal University,2. (Vol. 2),(pp. 257-260).
  9. Gilmore,A. (2017). Quality and Quantity in Tourism. Journal of Hotel & Business Management. Vol. 6. Is. 1. P. 164. Doi: http://doi.org/10.4172/2169-0286.1000164 [in English].
  10. Mathur,S.,&Dewani,P. P. (2016).Influence of cultural heritage on hotel prices, occupancy and profit. Tourism Economics. Vol. 22. Is. 5. P. 1014-1032. Doi: http://doi.org/10.5367/te.2015.0487[in English].
  11. Chen,J.-L. (2018).An Empirical Study of Tourist Hotels: Difference Analysis between International Tourist Hotel and Standard Tourist Hotel in Taiwan. International Journal of Business and Management. Vol. 13.Is.3. P. 67-74. Doi: http://doi.org/10.5539/ijbm.v13n3p67[in English].
  12. D’Mello,C. et. al. (2016).Tourists assessment of infrastructure availability in Goa (India).A gap analysis.Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos. Vol. 6.Is.1. P. 42-57[in English].
  13. Chung,G., & Ngan,C. (2018).A shift in culture sparks innovation at the Miramar Hospitality Group’s flagship Mira Hong Kong Hotel. Global business and organizationae excellence. Vol. 37. Is.4. P. 37-47. Doi: http://doi.org/10.1002/joe.21862[in English].
  14. KOLEKTYVNI ZASOBY ROZMIShhUVANNJa V UKRAI’NI u 2017 roci [COLLEC­TIVEMEANS OF PLACEMENT IN UKRAINE in 2017]. Statystychnyj zbirnyk KYI’V-2018 – Statistical Collection KYIV-2018. (Ed. O. O. Karmazina). Retrieved fromhttp://www.ukrstat.gov.ua/druk/publicat/kat_u/2018/zb/05/zb_kzr_2017.pdf. Nazva z ekrana[in Ukrainian].
  15. Zaharov, G. (2015). Derzhavne reguljuvannja jakosti gotel’nyh poslug shljahom i’h sertyfikacii’ [State regulation of the quality of hotel services through their certifica­tion]. Derzhava ta regiony – State and regions, 1, 10-15. Serija: Derzhavne upravlinnja [in Ukrainian].
  16. Grynko,T. V., Krupskyi,O. P.,& TimarI. V.(2016).Organizational culture and image as a factor in the competitiveness of tourism and hotel enterprises.National Economic Reform: experience of Poland and prospects for Ukraine.(Vol. 3). Poland:Baltija Publishing [in English].
  17. Zakon Ukrai’ny Pro vnesennja zmin do Podatkovogo kodeksu Ukrai’ny ta dejakyh inshyh zakonodavchyh aktiv Ukrai’ny shhodo pokrashhannja administruvannja ta peregljadu stavok okremyh podatkiv i zboriv vid 23.11.2018 № 2628-VIII [Law of UkraineOn Amendments to the Tax Code of Ukraine and certain other legislative acts of Ukraine on improving the administration and revision of rates of individual taxes and fees from 23.11.2018№ 2628-VIII] [in Ukrainian].
  18. Zaharov, G. (2015). Derzhavne reguljuvannja jakosti gotel’nyh poslug shljahom i’h sertyfikacii’ [State regulation of the quality of hotel services through their certification].Derzhava ta regiony – State and regions, 1, 10-15. Serija: Derzhavne upravlinnja [in Ukrainian].
  19. Manual on Accessible Tourism for All: Public-Private Partnerships and Good Practi­ces.cf.cdn.unwto.org. Retrieved from http://cf.cdn.unwto.org/sites/all/files/docpdf/ aamanualturismoaccesibleomt-facseng.pdf [in English].
  20. UNWTO Recommendations on Accessible Tourism for All.www2.unwto.org. Retrieved from http://www2.unwto.org[in English].
  21. Aktual’ni problemy vprovadzhennja inkljuzyvnogo reabilitacijno-social’nogo turyzmu v Ukrai’ni [Actual problems of introduction of inclusive rehabilitation and social tourism in Ukraine].novadoba.com.ua. Retrieved from http://novadoba.com.ua/33268-pro-inklyuzyvnyy-turyzm-govoryly-v-udpu.html[in Ukrainian].
  22. Gryn’ko, T. V. (2015). Franchajzyng jak instrument formuvannja organizacijnoi’ kul’tury turystychnyh pidpryjemstv [Franchising as an instrument for the formation of the organizational culture of tourism enterprises]. Aktual’ni problemy ekonomiky – Actual problems of the economy, 1, 145-154 [in Ukrainian].
  23. Accor, Open New Frontiers in Hospitality. www.accorhotels.com. Retrieved from https://www.accorhotels.com [in English].