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MODUS OF FIGURATIVE-SYMBOLIC PERSONALITY THINKING: EDUCATIONAL-PHILOSOPHICAL ASPECT

Автор: Sveta on .

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.31617/visnik.knute.2019(123)09

UDC 17.023.3:[159.955+37.015.311

LATYGINA Natalia,
Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor,
Head of the Department of Philosophy and Social Sciences
of Kyiv National University of Trade and Economics
19, Kyoto str., Kyiv, 02156, Ukraine
 
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ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0001-7468-0203
 
 
KRAVCHENKO Alla,
Doctor of Philosophy, Professor
at the Department of Philosophy and Social Sciences
of Kyiv National University of Trade and Economics
19, Kyoto str., Kyiv, 02156, Ukraine
 
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ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0001-8429-2183 

MODUS OF FIGURATIVE-SYMBOLIC PERSONALITY THINKING: EDUCATIONAL-PHILOSOPHICAL ASPECT

Background. The modern world is qualified as a "knowledge-based society", which turns into an effective force, combined with thinking. In training and educational practice, the most used concepts are "critical" and "creative" thinking. But along with them, an important role belongs to other ways and methods of thinking that need to be considered.
An analysis of recent studies and publication shas shown that despite the large number ofworks in both classical and modern philosophy devoted to thinking, there isa need to consider theessence of figurative and symbolic thinking, which is one of the important ways of representing theworld, as well as to identify the modification of figurative and symbolic thinkingasa reaction tothe needs of rapidly changing social development in the era of information and technologicalprogress.
Theaim of the article is to study the main parameters of figurative and symbolic thinking and its role in shaping the personality in the educational process and preparing the person for productive activities in society.
Materials and methods. The methodological basis of the study consisted of general scientific and special principles of knowledge of educational and philosophical phenomena, which reflect the philosophical, psychological, pedagogical, social aspects of the interpretation of the problem and subordinate to the system-structural, comparative and cognitive methods of cognition.
Results. It is determined that in the system of modern methods and ways of development of the world, despite the enormous achievements of information and computer technologies, the thinking plays an extremely important role. Two of its types have the greatest importance: creative and critical. Creative is aimed at the production of new ideas, but critical reveals the strengths and weaknesses of these ideas, evaluates their usefulness. In order to build hypotheses, creative thinking is necessary, and critical is necessary to check the correctness. In combination, they will help train people’s abilities, refine their creative potential. Figurative-symbolic thinking is one of the types of logical representation of the world from the standpoint of objective content. It subjectively reflects the world through a personal attitude towards it. In the figurative and symbolic realization of thought, a person makes a "climb" from the objective meaning to the meaning, which enables to simulate the phenomena of reality, carrying out the semantic transformation of being. Formation of figurative and symbolic thinking provides the opportunity for the development of a creative personality. The modern world of information technologies does not reject, but, on the contrary, requires the formation of figurative and symbolic thinking. It is this thinking that should turn "alienated" knowledge into a spiritually meaningful "living" awareness.
Conclusion. Figurative-symbolic thinking is acquired vision of the world; it is the result of a complex and long ontogenetic development and requires persistent work on its formation. Modus of figurative-symbolic thinking is a combination of three components: intellectual, emotional and behavioral, which are observed in a holistic person. Changes in the components themselves lead to a change in the manifestations of figurative and symbolic thinking. In the ideology of a modern information society, the process of thinking must change the external attributes - to become accelerated and sharpened for the rapid perception and processing of large volumes of world-wide information that has become an integral feature of the present. The result of the formation of figurative-symbolic thinking must be the ability of the individual to creativity, whose task is the invention and modeling of new, constructive principles of life. The above conceptual provisions require further scientific research in the search for effective methods for the formation of figurative and symbolic thinking.

Keywords: education, thinking, figurative-symbolic thinking, creativity, criterion, personality.

 

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