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INSTITUTION LIMITATIONS OF EFFECTIVE EMPLOYMENT IN THE ECONOMY OF UKRAINE

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UDC 331.5.024.5
 
SHTUNDER Iryna,
Ph.D. in Economics, Associate Professor of the Economic Theory and Competition Policy Department
 
INSTITUTION LIMITATIONS OF EFFECTIVE EMPLOYMENT IN THE ECONOMY OF UKRAINE
 
Background. This article is devoted to institution limitations of effective employment formation in the economy of Ukraine.
The review of scientific sources. Investigational key limitations of institution character, that substantially influence on development and functioning of sphere of employment, in particular on its efficiency for a national economy. Substantial influence of such effective institutes as the state, laws, propert, public organs of employment, trade union, union of employers was found out. Necessity of the concerted actions of key institutes for the sake of forming of effective employment was grounded.
Material and methods. Methodological basis of research is the system in cognition of the economic phenomena and processes. The methods of dialectics, scientific abstraction, analysis and synthesis, comparison in a dynamics enabled to expose maintenance of social institutes and institution limitations in formation of effective employment, to ground the key institution levers of influence on employment and find out the methods of removal of institution limitations. The informative base of research are analytical materials of scientific establishments materials, foreign researches, normatively legal acts of Ukraine, statistical materials.
Results. There are too many contradictions and limitations of institution character in a social labor sphere, namely: at the high indexes of employment, part of employers functions in the shadow segment of market; at the considerable scales of workplaces part from them is economic un-effective and a long ago ramshackle; at the considerable indexes of quality of labor force after the criterion of education, most specialists do not meet the actual requirements of employers; at the ramified enough network of public organs of employment, small percent of unemployed citizens uses their services. Therefore in each of these cases such institutes as state, laws, employer, trade unions, the public organs of employment have joint and more intensive influence on the formation of effective employment on innovative basis.
Conclusion. It is possible to remove institution limitations of effective employment formation only at active state position in relation to forming such employment policy, which would be directed on creation of new effective workplaces, increase competitiveness of unemplyed population at the labor market.
 
Keywords: institutes, institution limitations, effective employment, state, public organs of employment, trade union, union of employers.

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